The REFRIGERATOR COMPRESSOR ELECTROLUX OF1033A have had a defective windings therefore it was replaced an this here today opened for the WEB. (Happy grinding..........).
These compressors have been successfully used in mass volumes in the market since their introduction in 1992. Electrolux Compressor Companies were the first to present this new range of compressors for household appliances, providing a prompt answer to solve the ozone depletion problem
REFRIGERATOR COMPRESSOR ELECTROLUX (VERDICHTER OE) OF1033A Compressor with hermetically sealed casing:
An electric compressor, particularly for household refrigerators, comprising an outside casing (1), an inside body (2), a cylinder head (3), a silencer (4) interposed between the cavity inside the compressor casing and the gas inlet pipe within the cylinder head (3), wherein the silencer (4) is substantially L-shaped, the greater side containing the expansion chamber (5) and the lesser side leading to the gas admission port (7) in the inlet valve and then to the outlet pipe (9) toward a Helmholtz resonator, the Helmholtz resonator being formed in the compressor body. The ratio between the area of the admission pipe (6) and the transverse section of the chamber (5) must be approximately 0.03, and the length of the chamber (5) must be approximately 34 mm.
2. The compressor of claim 1, characterized in that the Helmholtz resonator is formed within the compressor body.
3. The compressor of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the expansion chamber (5) has two substantially parallel plane opposing walls and two curved opposing walls with the same direction and substantially the same angle of curvature.
4. The compressor of the preceding claim, characterized in that the silencer (4) has a constructional shape similar to a hook where the outlet pipe (9) is placed on the end-portion of said hook.
5. The compressor of any of the above claims, characterized in that the silencer (4) performs the function of reducing noise within an adiabatic change.
For better illustration of the present invention it is assumed that the pipe operates in close association with the compressor and that it is made of injection-molded or stamped plastic. This naturally does not limit the invention to this type of material and to this connection.
The fluctuations of gas pressure inside displacement compressors particularly for household refrigerators are of considerable importance in view of their influence on the efficiency and the level of acoustic power emitted by the compressors. Therein the cooling gas coming from the inlet pipe enters inside the airtight housing of the compressor.
The body of the compressor has an inlet pipe inside the casing connected to the inlet valve via various channels and cavities that permit the drawn-in gas to be conveyed inside the cylinder.
Being in contact with all the hot surfaces of the compressor, the gas heats up and reduces its density during these passages.
This leads to a reduction in the cylinder filling and thus ultimately to a reduction in the cooling capacity of the compressor.
The basic mechanisms regulating the dynamics of the gas movements are as follows.
However, maximizing thermodynamic efficiency in this way would accordingly increase the level of acoustic power emitted, particularly during intake, that is transmitted directly outside the casing of the compressor, thereby compromising the requirements of quietness.
It would therefore be desirable, and is the object of the present invention, to realize a compressor that combines high efficiency with low noise, and is reliable, economical and easy to assemble while using materials and techniques permitted by the state of the art.
This object is achieved with the device described, by way of example and nonrestrictively, with reference to the adjoined figures in which:
- Fig. 1
- shows a view of the inside of the compressor casing with the device shown from the front, comprising a silencer interposed between the intake of the gas from outside of the compressor and the cylinder head;
- Fig. 2
- shows a front inside view of the cover of the silencer;
- Fig. 3
- shows a lateral view of the same detail;
- Fig. 4
- shows a front inside view of the body of the silencer;
- Fig. 5
- shows a lateral section of the same detail.
In order to maintain the process of gas intake within an adiabatic change (thereby preserving the cooling efficiency of the compressor), the acoustic control system is preferably made of plastic material.
An expansion silencer is realized between two pipes (having different sections) and by a Helmholtz resonator whose collar is positioned along the pipe at the outlet of the silencer on the side of the inlet valve.
Inside the silencer the spread of the acoustic waves is subject to interference and reflection phenomena that attenuate their acoustic intensity (understood to be the energy flow per unit of area).
Experiments have shown the transfer function of this component (understood to be the relation between an acoustic signal at the input and an acoustic signal at the output) when the silencer is subjected to an accidental-type acoustic signal, in static states and in air. The silencer has been found to be a low-pass acoustic filter, equipped with two resonances f1 and f2 (see Fig. 6).
The attenuation of the acoustic intensity to resonant frequencies f1 and f2 is obtained by means of the Helmholtz resonator.
It is known that in systems composed of several weakly coupled components (silencer and resonator) the (generally complex) resonant frequencies are divided and shifted along the axis of the frequencies of a known range, so that one frequency is higher and one is lower than the frequency of the unmodified system.
Thus, if a resonator is applied to a cavity (and tuned to have the same natural frequency as an acoustic mode of the cavity), two new coupled modes are produced whose natural frequencies are disposed on the sides of the original frequency. The separation between the frequencies is proportional to the value of the coupling parameter.
To obtain good results with this type of coupling it is necessary to optimize the volume of the resonator in accordance with the volume of the cavity and also the position of the resonator neck, which must be located near a loop of the acoustic mode to be attenuated to a greater extent. It is therefore necessary to apportion these parameters to obtain a reduction of acoustic pressure at the starting frequency, whereby the reduction should be considerable but not excessive so as not to be compensated by a considerable increase of acoustic pressure to the two new frequencies that will be produced.
It is furthermore stressed that there is no flow of gas through the resonator cavity. Since there is thus no variation in the gas temperature due to the interposed cavity, the efficiency characteristics of the thermodynamic cycle are maintained unchanged.
The gas entering the compressor and coming from the inlet pipe is not dispersed in the casing to be then drawn into the inlet pipe present in the compressor body, but is immediately "intercepted" and directed toward the head without being allowed to spread.
For this purpose a silencer is designed and mounted for guiding the path of the gas and connecting on one side the area facing the gas entry port in the casing, and on the other side the inlet port in the cylinder head. The separation which the flow of gas thus undergoes and the particular path that develops achieve the result of preventing the gas from overheating and of blocking the intake noise within the pipe.
Referring to the figures we can see the following components:
The cooling gas in pipe 6 enters chamber 5 inside silencer 4.
The silencer is interposed between the cavity inside the compressor casing and the gas inlet pipe within cylinder head 3, and is substantially L-shaped, whereby the greater side, widened at the center and virtually box-shaped, contains expansion chamber 5 and gas admission pipe 6 into the chamber, and the restriction of the lesser side constitutes gas outlet pipe 8 from chamber 5.
After the restriction the lesser side leads first to gas admission hole 7 in the inlet valve and then to outlet pipe 9 toward a Helmholtz resonator, consisting of a suitable cavity formed within the compressor body.
Expansion chamber 5 can have different forms, but preferably has two substantially parallel plane opposing walls and two curved opposing walls with the same direction and with substantially the same angle of curvature.
Chamber 5 can also have different forms provided that the following proportions are maintained between some critical dimensions.
The ratio between the area of admission pipe 6 and the transverse section of chamber 5 must be approximately 0.03.
Furthermore the length of cavity 5 must be approximately 34 mm.
In order to maintain the process of gas intake within an adiabatic change (thereby preserving the cooling efficiency of the compressor), the silencer is preferably made of plastic material.
It is understood that what has been said and shown with reference to the adjoined drawings is intended only to exemplify the invention, and that numerous variants and modifications may be produced without departing from the present invention as defined in the claims.
The compressor was originally designed by Bosch (Germany)
Verdichter Oe in Fürstenfeld, Austria., the largest producer of refrigeration compressors in the world with an annual production of 21 million compressors in its seven plants located in four continents.
Verdichter Oe History
|1982||Project initiated by the Zanussi Group for a factory near Fürstenfeld, Austria, with the capacity of 1 million compressors per year. The name of the factory, "Verdichter", is the German word for "compressor".|
|1983||Start of production in one shift|
|1984||Start of production in two shifts|
|1986||Change of ownership (Electrolux Group buys Zanussi)|
|1988||Start of production in three shifts|
|1990||Production decrease (Massacre on Tian'anmen Square, less exports to China)|
|1994||Restart of production in three shifts|
|1995||Start of Flexible Shift System (including Saturday morning shift)|
|1996||Start of "Kappa" Project (Development of a new generation of compressors)|
|1998||Start of production 6 days x 24 hours a week|
|1999||Enlargement of factory buildings for Kappa production line|